By Glen Sparks
The Chicago Cubs scored six runs in the first inning, three in the fourth and 13 more on May 17, 1979, and still lost.
It could only happen to the Cubs, a wiseacre might say.
That sort of abuse only gets directed toward a team that last celebrated a World Series title in 1908—during the Theodore Roosevelt administration (Mark Twain was still alive, Babe Ruth was 13).
Nearly 15,000 fans at Wrigley Field watched—in shock and awe, assuredly—as the Philadelphia Phillies knocked off the Cubs 23-22 in 10 innings. Before it all ended, the teams combined not just for 45 runs, but for 50 hits, 11 home runs and four errors. The wind, you can bet, was blowing out that day.
Ten players collected at least three hits. Philadelphia shortstop Larry Bowa led the way with five. Dave Kingman slugged three home runs for the Cubs, and Bill Buckner drove in seven, all in a losing cause. Bob Boone knocked in five runs for the Phillies; Pete Rose, Mike Schmidt and Garry Maddux each drove in four.
Only two of the game’s 11 pitchers (Rawly Eastwick for the Phillies, Ray Burris for the Cubs) left this wild affair with an ERA lower than when the day began. They pitched a combined 3.2 innings of shutout ball.
Dennis Lamp started for Chicago; Randy Lerch took the ball for Philadelphia. Both pitchers got an early shower. The Phils scored seven runs in the top of the first. The Cubs countered with six in the bottom half of the inning. Lamp and Lerch recorded one out each. They gave up a total of 11 runs.
By the end of three, the Phillies had taken a 15-6 lead. Even so, a nine-run advantage probably didn’t seem safe that day. And, it wasn’t. The Cubs scored a total of 13 runs in the fourth, fifth and six. Philadelphia added six. Going into the seventh inning, the Phillies led 21-19.
Philadelphia added a run in the top of the seventh—lucky for them–on a Boone single to score Greg Gross. Chicago tied the game with three runs off reliever Ron Reed (torched for a total of six runs and nine hits in 3.1 innings of work). Buckner, Jerry Martin and Barry Foote each ripped RBI singles.
A scoreless ninth inning—the only one of the game—took the game into the 10th. Cubs Manager Herman Franks brought in Bruce Sutter, a future Hall of Famer. Sutter enjoyed one his best years in 1979. He saved 37 games and posted an ERA of 2.22. But on May 17, he gave up Schmidt’s second home run of the game, a solo job with two outs, one of 45 round-trippers the third baseman hit that year. (Schmidt would lead the National League in home runs eight times and blast 548 during his Hall of Fame career. He ended up second to Kingman in ’79. Kong belted 48.)
Phillies skipper Danny Ozark asked Eastwick to go two innings. The former reliever for the Big Red Machine responded. Eastwick went just 3-6 with a 4.90 ERA in ’79. But during this slugfest for the ages, he was without doubt the pitching star. He hurled two perfect innings and struck out one batter. (Even Burris allowed a hit in his 1.2 innings of scoreless work.)
The victory upped Philadelphia’s record to 24-10. The team was looking for its third straight Eastern Division title. In the end, the Phils’ cross-state rival, the Pittsburgh Pirates, won both the division and a World Series title. Philadelphia ended up just 84-78 and finished in fourth place. The next season, though, Philadelphia celebrated its first championship, against the Kansas City Royals.
Chicago dropped to 16-16. They finished 80-82, in fifth place. The Cubs’ quest for their first world championship since beating the Detroit Tigers in ought-eight continued. It does to this day.
Every year, the anniversary of the 23-22 match-up makes baseball news. The game provided both drama and little bit of farce. “Twenty-two runs, and they still lost.” … Fans shake their heads. Only the Cubs, they say. Only the Cubs.
By Glen Sparks
Was there ever a more unlikely Most Valuable Player than Jim Konstanty? Before you say “Zolio Versalles,” read on.
Casimir James Konstanty, born March 2, 1917, didn’t even pitch in his first big league game until he was 27 years old. He did this after going 4-19 in 1941 for Springfield, Mass., of the Eastern League and struggling with the Syracuse Chiefs, a Cincinnati Reds farm club.
The Reds shipped the right-hander to the Boston Braves in 1946. Boston sent Konstanty to the Philadelphia Phillies two years later. Would Philly be his last stop? Would the Phillies show some confidence in this bespectacled journeyman?
Konstanty’s baseball resume was full of holes. Going into his age-32 season (1949), the pride of Strykerville, N.Y., west of Buffalo, had compiled a 7-5 won-loss record and logged less than 150 innings.
Konstanty majored in physical education at Syracuse University. Maybe a high school team in upstate New York needed a coach.
The Phillies hired Eddie Sawyer to manage their club on July 26, 1948. Konstanty found a believer, finally. Sawyer, who had a master’s degree in biology from Cornell University, said he always liked Konstanty.
“I have never seen him get hit real hard,” Sawyer said shortly after the pitcher arrived in Philly, according to Baseball’s Most Valuable Players by George Vescey. “He is murder to good hitters.”
Not only that, Sawyer said. He gets better as he tires out. His pitches break more sharply as he goes along.
After giving up just one earned run in 9.2 innings of work in September of ’48, Konstanty enjoyed a strong follow-up campaign. He appeared in 53 games, all in relief, and finished 27. Over 97 innings, Konstanty posted a 3.25 ERA with a 9-5 won-loss record.
The Phillies were putting together something special. Following decades of sour play (above .500 just one year from 1918 through 1948), Philly finished 81-73 and in third place in ’49. The Whiz Kids had nearly arrived. Richie Ashburn, Del Ennis, “Granny” Hammer, Willie Jones and Andy Seminick led a talented, young group of players.
Konstanty tossed a nasty slider and a wicked palmball. He pitched in nearly half of Philadelphia’s games in 1950 and enjoyed a streak of 22 1/3 innings of scoreless baseball at one point.
It should be noted that this was a different era for relief pitchers. Take Sept. 15, 1950, for example. Sawyer brought in Konstanty from the bullpen in the ninth inning. The pitcher lasted 10 innings and gave up two runs. (He did walk six.)
The young Phillies (average age 26.4 years) beat out the Brooklyn Dodgers for the National League pennant, the team’s first since 1915. Konstanty pitched in 74 games (finishing 62) and 152 innings. He ended up 16-7 with a 2.66 ERA and 22 saves (not yet an official stat).
Philadelphia met the New York Yankees in the World Series. Sawyer named Konstanty his team’s Game 1 starter. Ace Robin Roberts to close out the season. The Phillies needed him to close out the season.
Konstanty lost. But, he pitched quite well. Over eight innings, he gave up four hits and one run. Vic Raschi, though, tossed a two-hit shutout, and the Yanks won 1-0. Konstanty pitched a scoreless third of an inning in Game 3 and gave up three runs in 6.2 innings of relief work in Game 4. New York won 5-2 and swept the Series.
A few weeks later, Konstanty was awarded the MVP award. He beat out, among others, the St. Louis Cardinals’ Stan Musial (second in the voting), the New York Giants’ Eddie Stanky (third) and Ennis (fourth).
Konstanty never enjoyed a year anywhere near as good as that 1950 campaign. He dropped to 4-11 in 1951 (4.05 ERA) and went 5-3 in ’52 (3.94). The reliever started 19 games in 1953 and went 14-10 but was saddled with a 4.43 ERA.
He retired in 1956, a Cardinal at that point. He was 39 and had a 66-48 record and 3.46 ERA (112 ERA+). Following his playing career, Konstanty ran a sporting goods store in Oneonta, N.Y. He did some minor league coaching for St. Louis and served as athletics director of New York’s Hartwick College from 1968 to 1972.
A member of the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame, Konstanty died June 11, 1976, at the age of 59.
The hubbub was about $65,000.
Steve Carlton, a 27-year-old, 6-foot-4-inch lefty with a nasty slider, asked the St. Louis Cardinals for that amount following the 1971 season. The Cardinals said “No.” Carlton, coming off a 20-win season, held out.
That was Carlton’s second contract squabble as a Redbird. He reported late for spring training in 1970 following a big year in ’69. He went 17-11 that season with a 2.17 ERA (second lowest in the National League) and 210 strikeouts.
Lefty wanted $50,000 in 1970 (He made $26,000 in 1969). The Cardinals offered Carlton a more modest pay increase, to $31,000. The pitcher, maybe miffed about the whole affair, proceeded to go 10-19 and put up a 3.73 ERA.
Each side probably had a sour taste in the mouth during Squabble II. On Feb. 25, 1972, St. Louis unloaded Carlton, under the order of team owner Gussie Busch, to the Philadelphia Phillies for Rick Wise.
At that point, Carlton, going into his age-27 season, had 77 career wins. Wise, entering his age-26 campaign, had 75 career wins. It seemed like a fairly even deal. But, it wasn’t.
Wise put together a pretty good career. The right-hander from Jackson, Mich., pitched two seasons in St. Louis before moving on to the Boston Red Sox. He won a career-high 19 games in 1975, the year Boston celebrated an American League pennant.
Following four seasons with the Red Sox, Wise left for the Cleveland Indians. He ended his career in 1982 as a San Diego Padre. Wise retired with a 188-181 lifetime won-loss record in 18 seasons.
Carlton, though, did even better. His first season in Philadelphia was his best. The Phillies were terrible that year. Some teams limp into September. The Phillies limped into May. They finished the year 59-97, dead last in the N.L. East.
Lefty went 27-10. So, without Carlton, the team was 32-87. The Miami native posted a league-low 1.97 ERA and a league-high 310 strikeouts. He also topped the N.L. in innings pitched (346.1), complete games (30) and ERA+ (182). Not only did he win the Cy Young award, he finished fifth in the MVP voting.
Before retiring early in the 1988 season, Carlton won four Cy Young awards and at least 20 games six times. He topped the senior circuit in innings pitched and strikeouts five times each. He remains the last N.L. pitcher to win 25 games (1972) and the last pitcher from either league to pitch at least 300 innings (1980).
He retired with a 329-244 record in 24 seasons. Carlton went into the Hall of Fame on the first ballot in 1994, He received 95.6 percent of the vote.
Cardinals fans still think back at Carlton’s departure and cringe. The hubbub was about $65,000.
By Glen Sparks
Demons did a number on Ol’ Pete. The right-hander put together a Hall of Fame career, anyway.
Grover Cleveland Alexander (nicknamed “Ol’ Pete,” “Old Pete,” or just plain “Pete”) compiled a 373-208 won-loss record with a 2.56 ERA (135 ERA+) over 20 seasons of work. He won at least 30 games three times, led the National League in strikeouts six times and topped it in ERA five times. He ranks third all-time in wins and second in shutouts (90).
Bill James rated Alexander as the No. 3 pitcher in baseball history, behind Walter Johnson and Moses “Lefty” Grove. He is also, as James pointed out in his 2003 Historical Baseball Abstract, the only big leaguer to be named after a president of the United States and also portrayed in a movie by a future president. (Ronald Reagan played Pete in the 1952 Warner Bros. production of The Winning Team, co-starring Doris Day and featuring Harry “Peanuts” Lowrey as himself.)
Pete battled booze for most of his adult life. His epilepsy made things worse. World War I left him with shell shock. Supposedly, in his later years, he went around half-broke, relying on the kindness of friends and his ex-wife.
The future great, born Feb. 26, 1887, grew up on the Nebraska plains. Shucking corn all day developed his wrists, supposedly, making his curveball all the better. He began playing baseball early, first sandlot stuff and then with the pros. The Philadelphia Phillies bought Pete from the Syracuse Stars of the Class D New York State League for $750.
Stardom came fast for Ol’ Pete. He enjoyed an auspicious 1911 rookie season in Philadelphia, going 28-13 with a 2.57 ERA (133 ERA+). Pete led the N.L. in innings pitched (367), complete games (31) and shutouts (seven).
Following a 19-17 campaign in 1912 and a 22-8 effort in 1913, Pete really got on a roll. He won 121 games over the next four years and led the N.L. in numerous categories. During his eight-year career in Philly, Alexander went 190-91 (.676 winning percentage) with a 2.18 ERA (140 ERA+). He did all this while pitching his home games at the cozy Baker Bowl.
Then, the shooting started. World War I broke out in Europe on July 28, 1914. U.S. Congress declared war April 6, 1917., shortly after a German U-boat sank the British liner RMS Lusitania, with 128 Americans among the dead. Philadelphia, fearing that Pete might be drafted, traded their ace to the Chicago Cubs. (Phillies owner William Baker later clarified that story: “I needed the money.”) Ol’ Pete went 2-1 in Chicago before the Selective Service came calling. Sgt. Alexander shipped out with the Army on June 28 from New York.
Soldiers told terrible tales about their service in the Great War. Pete had his own stories. He pulled the lanyard on howitzers directed at the enemy. The constant noise, along with some shrapnel that bit into an ear, ruined his hearing. Pulling that lanyard all day for months also damaged his right arm.
German mustard gas poured onto many troops, including Pete. That exposure may have triggered his epilepsy. He came home, suffering from shell shock for some time and seizures for the rest of his life. The drinking, always more than social, got much worse.
Pete came back to baseball in 1919. He topped the league in ERA that year (1.72) and the next (1.91). He even won 27 games in 1920 and led the N.L. in strikeouts (173). The live-ball era soon took a toll on Ol’ Pete’s stats, though, like it did with most other pitchers. From 1921 through his final season of 1930, Alexander typically posted an ERA above 3.00.
The Cubs, finally tired of Pete’s booze binges, traded him to the St. Louis Cardinals in June of 1926. Alexander went 9-7 with a 2.91 ERA (134 ERA+) the rest of the way. He did his best work in the World Series, against the New York Yankees. There, he hurled complete-game victories in games 2 and 6. He struck out Tony Lazzeri as a reliever in the seventh inning of Game 7, with the bases loaded.
Pete enjoyed one more big year in baseball, with the 1927 Cardinals (21-10, 2.52 ERA). Back as a Phillie in 1930, he sputtered to an 0-3 mark before being released. Post-retirement, Pete barely held things together. He tried to quit drinking; nothing worked. Serious epileptic seizures plagued him.
The Hall of Fame invited him into its ranks in 1938. A baseball pension and $50 a month from the Cardinals kept him going. The former superstar died Nov. 4, 1950, at the age of 63. The death certificate said it was heart failure. Pete’s ex-wife, Amy, was sure it was a fall from one of those seizures.
By Glen Sparks
George “Tuck” Stainback wasn’t blessed with the most musical surname. Nor did he enjoy the most accomplished career as a Major League baseball player.
Over 13 seasons, from 1934 through 1946, Stainback put on the uniform of seven different teams. He didn’t star for any of them. In fact, he retired with just a .259 career batting average and hit only 17 home runs.
Stainback went to bat 359 at-bats as a 22-year-old rookie for the Chicago Cubs. That was his career-high mark in the big leagues.
Even so, the right-handed batter made his mark, both on the field and off it, even if he did not possess the most powerful bat, the fastest feet or the strongest throwing arm.
Stainback, born in Los Angeles on this date in 1911, attended Fairfax High School, near Hollywood. He broke into pro ball in 1931 with the Bisbee, Ariz., Bees. From there, he played two years with the hometown Angels of the Pacific Coast League and signed with the Cubs.
The rookie outfielder batted .306 in 1934 with Chicago, the second-highest mark of his career. (He hit .327 in just 104 at-bats for the Brooklyn Dodgers.) Stainback lasted four seasons in Chicago and then went to the St. Louis Cardinals. He got into just six games in St. Louis being released. The Philadelphia Phillies picked him up on waivers. Midway through the year, Philadelphia sent Stainback to Brooklyn.
He later played with the Detroit Tigers and New York Yankees and finished up with the Philadelphia A’s
- As a Cub, Tuck led a bench-jockeying episode against umpire George Moriarty. The name calling so infuriated Moriarty that he cleared the Chicago bench.
- That Stainback trade to the Cardinals also involved a pretty good pitcher, Dizzy Dean. On April 16, 1938, St. Louis sent future Hall of Famer Dean to Chicago for $185,000, plus hurlers Curt Davis and Clyde Shoun as well as Stainback.
- The Phillies selected Stainback off waivers on May 28, 1938. Soon after, he single-handedly kept the great Carl Hubbell from tossing a perfect game. He drew a walk and hit a single, the only Phillies player to get on base.
- Stainback played in two World Series, in 1942 and ’43 with the Yankees. He earned a ring in that second Series.
- While the Great Depression was on, Stainback, along with Yankee shortstop Frank Crosetti, helped put together the Majors’ first pension fund. The two solicited donations of $250 from each player as a way to start the fund and assist ballplayers down on their luck.
Stainback settled in the L.A. area after retiring. When the Dodgers left Brooklyn for southern California, he asked Dodgers executive Red Patterson for a job. Over the next few decades, Stainback worked in group sales for the Dodges and also ran the team’s Knothole program, providing free tickets for boys and girls.
Stainback died in 1992 at the age of 81.
The Philadelphia Phillies began play in 1883 at long-gone Recreation Park. The team took nearly 100 years to bring home a World Series, finally winning it all in 1980. Philadelphia’s 2008 club also won the Series.
The Phillies also have spent many seasons in the cellar or close to it. Fans grumbled through harsh decades in the 1920s, ’30s and more. Despite several runs of losing seasons, though, the Phillies have had many great players in their franchise history. Do you know “Which Phillie” is the answer to the questions below? Good luck!
- Which Phillies outfielder stole at least 100 bases in a season three times for the Phillies? Hint: His modern-day namesake also likes to run.
- Which Phillies pitcher led the league in wins and strikeouts in five of his seven full seasons with the team?
- Which Phillies slugger hit 24 home runs in 1915 to set what was then a modern-day record?
- Which Phillies outfielder led the N.L. in home runs twice, batting average twice and RBI three times?
- Which Phillies Hall of Famer drove in 1,305 runs during a career that lasted just 1,410 games?
- Which Phillies pitcher won at least 20 games in six straight seasons, 1950-55?
- Which beloved Phillies player once hit a foul ball into the stands that struck a fan and then hit another ball that struck the same fan while she was being carried off in a stretcher?
- Which Phillies pitcher later served two terms as a U.S. senator from Kentucky?
- Which Phillies reliever recorded the final six outs to end the 1980 World Series?
- Which Philadelphia Phillies great won the National League MVP in 1980, 1981 and 1987?
- “Sliding” Billy Hamilton. The speedster from Newark, N.J., the son of Irish immigrants, broke in with the Kansas City Cowboys of the American Association in 1888 and stole 111 bases. Sold to the Phillies in 1890, Hamilton led the league in steals five times and stole 912, 914 or 937 bases during his Hall of Fame career, depending on your source. The current Billy Hamilton in baseball, with the Cincinnati Reds, also is a frequent threat to go.
- Grover Cleveland “Pete” Alexander. Named in honor of the former president, of course, Alexander went by “Pete” most of the time. He broke in with the Phillies by winning 28 games in 1911 and collected 190 of his 373 career wins in Philadelphia. He won at least 30 games three times. His top strikeout total was 241 in 1915.
- “Cactus” Gavvy Cravath. Born in Poway, Calif., in 1881 (or nearby Escondido, depending on the source), Cravath supposedly was the first major leaguer to hail from the San Diego area. He led the league in homers six times, the first player to do so.
- Ed “Big Ed” Delahanty. Out of Cleveland, Ohio, the right-handed batter hit .400 three times and .346 lifetime. The Hall of Famer collected 2,596 in his career, spent mostly with the Phillies.
- Sam Thompson. The right-fielder from Danville, Ind., sported a nifty handlebar mustache and a dangerous bat. What a run producer. He drove in 166 runs in 127 games for the 1887 Detroit Wolverines (forerunner of the Tigers) and 147 in 102 games for the 1894 Phillies. He also scored more than 100 runs in both seasons
- Robin Roberts. The right-handed workhorse put together a series of big years for the Phillies. He logged lots of innings (six seasons of 300-plus innings and 97.1 in another) and won lots of game, including 28 in 1952. From 1951-54, he finished with WARs of 8.0, 8.3, 9.8 and 9.0, respectively. A Hall of Famer, he won 286 games in a 19-year career.
- Richie Ashburn. The centerfield only hit 29 home runs in his 15-year career. Even so, he collected 63.4 WAR points, in part due to his solid defense, in part due to his .396 on-base percentage (.308 batting average). And, yes, on Aug. 17, 1957, Ashburn konked Alice Roth twice with a batted ball. And, supposedly, they later became friends.
- Jim Bunning. The 6-foot-3-inch right-hander came up with the Tigers in 1955. He made five All-Star teams while in Detroit and was traded to Philadelphia before the 1964 season. Bunning was 32 years ago, but he wasn’t done. He made two more All-Star teams and probably should have been the N.L. Cy Young Award winner in 1966. Bunning won 20 games just once in his career, but the Hall of Famer won four times. A Kentucky congressman from 1987-99, the Republican went from there to the Senate.
- Frank “Tug” McGraw. The quirky relief pitcher from northern California appeared in 824 games in his career, only 39 as a starter. He split his career with the New York Mets and the Phillies. He pitched for the Miracle Mets of 1969, the “You Gotta Believe Mets” of 1973 and the first-ever World Series-winning Phillies squad.
- Mike Schmidt. Maybe the greatest third baseman of all-time and the greatest Phillie, Schmidt belted 548 home runs in his career. The first-ballot Hall of Famer led the NL in dingers eight times. He hit a career-high 48 in 1980. He compiled 106.5 WAR points in 19 seasons, 12 as an All-Star. Schmidt also won 10 Gold Gloves.
By Glen Sparks
There was a time when southern California was a far-out place. Clifford “Gavvy” Cravath knew all about that place. And, it had nothing to do with “groovy, man.”
This was a time when southern California was a wild, still largely rural, place. Jackrabbits and coyotes ran through foothills, free from unknown suburbia. Million-dollar homes and twisting roads were still to come.
Families arrived—dusty–by wagon, later by train, after traveling past mountain passes and through scorching deserts, across some of the hottest, driest country on Earth. It was a dangerous, sometimes deadly, trip to the sea.
Cravath grew up in just this sort of southern California, born on this date in 1881 in Escondido (Some sources say he was born in nearby Poway.), outside San Diego.
Cliff’s dad served as Escondido’s first mayor. Later, he left that job to become San Diego County Sheriff. Cliff, meanwhile, made his name as one of the county’s top athletes. In 1898, he competed on the losing side of the Escondido High School vs. San Diego High School football match-up, the first gridiron prep game ever played in San Diego County. During the spring, Cliff caught for Escondido High’s baseball team.
Following graduation, Cliff went from job to job, from ballfield to ballfield. The young man swung hard. He aimed for the fences at a time when most players simply wanted to place the ball. Home runs were thought of as showy, not very gentlemanly. Maybe Clifford Cravath, playing on the far-flung west coast, didn’t know that and simply swung how he wanted.
He acquired the nickname “Gavvy” around the turn of the century. One time, so the tale goes, his swing turned lethal. He smashed a liner that dropped a seagull dead. Mexican fans screamed “gaviota!,” Spanish for “seagull.” Teammates liked it. They thought it was funny. “Gaviota.” Yep, Cliff, that’s what you killed. The name stuck, shortened to “Gavvy,” the bird killer.
Later, people called him “Cactus” or “Cactus Gavvy,” a moniker fit for a pistol-packing, hot-tempered cartoon character, but which in reality honored Cravath’s western heritage and made comment on his sometimes prickly personality.
Word got around that Gavvy could handle a bat. The Los Angeles Angels signed him to a deal, and the money paid off. The Angels won four Pacific Coast League pennants over the next five years, thanks in large part to the hard hitting of Cactus Gavvy.
Did Gavvy dare to dream about a life in the majors? What did he even know about big league ball? Baseball at its best was a long haul away. The closest team to California was the St. Louis Cardinals, nearly 2,000 miles from southern California. Was that too far?
It was the Boston Red Sox, though, a team based 3,000 miles from Cravath’s hometown, that finally signed the minor-league slugger. The Cactus was 27 years old.
Now, Gavvy didn’t exactly start racking up one big hit after another in the majors. You get the feeling that clubs didn’t quite know what they had in “Cactus Gavvy” Cravath. He was slow afoot at a time when teams liked plenty of speed on the basepaths. He was a power hitter in the era of Cobb. Managers had to scratch their heads a bit and wonder, “Who is this guy?”
The Californian got to bat 277 times for the 1908 Red Sox. He hit just .256 with only one home run, but he smashed 11 triples. Apparently, the guy could run a little bit faster than some people thought. Boston, though, shipped him to the Chicago White Sox in February 1909, where he went 9-50 (.180). Later that season, the White Sox dealt Cactus to the Washington Senators, where went hitless in six at-bats. (A young player, who also employed a mighty swing, would arrive in Boston just a few years later. Babe Ruth was on the way.)
Over the next few seasons, Gavvy regained his reputation as a power hitter, albeit as a minor leaguer. This time, he crunched baseballs in the upper Midwest for the Minneapolis Millers.
Gavvy smashed home runs and windows in record numbers. Nicollet Park near downtown Minneapolis had a short porch in right field, just 279 feet from home plate. The right-handed batting Cactus took a look at that and learned how to lift flyballs the opposite way. He hit 14 home runs in 1910 and set an organized baseball record in 1911 with 29, to go with a .363 batting average. And, the Cactus didn’t hit a bunch of cheapies, either. He ripped some completely out of the yard. Once, he broke the same window on Nicollet Avenue three times in one week.
In 1912, the Philadelphia Phillies paid $9,000 for the services of Cactus Gavvy. What, they must have asked, can this guy do while playing half his games at the Baker Bowl, a park similar to Nicollet. The right-field wall at the Bowl stood 280 feet home plate. It was a nice target for Gavvy. He was 31 years old.
Quickly, the San Diego guy turned into a star. He led the National League in home runs six of the next eight seasons. His first big year was 1913, his second year in Philadelphia. He clubbed a league-leading 19 home runs and set a major league record with 128 RBI. He also finished atop the leader board in slugging percentage (.568), OPS (.974), OPS+ (172), total bases (298) and hits (179). He ended up second in batting average (.341), nine points behind Charles “Babe” Adams of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Cactus still only wound up as runner-up in the MVP voting to Brooklyn’s Jake Daubert, who didn’t have nearly as good a year.
He followed up that season with another league-leading 19-homer season in 1914. The next year, he set the 20th-century record with 24 (the most since the Washington Senators’ Buck Freeman knocked 25 in 1899) and led his team to its first pennant. After finishing second in home runs in 1916 (11 home runs, good for second in the league), Cactus came back and led the league with 12 in 1917, eight in 1918 and 12 in 1919. He retired at age 39 after getting off to a slow start in 1920.
Cactus left the game with 119 career home runs, No. 4 on the all-time list at the time. He was the first player to capture more than five home run titles. Over his career, he batted .287 with a commendable .380 on-base percentage due to his good eye at the plate. Cravath only played 11 seasons, in part because he grew up so far from the heart of big league action. … Would he have signed a major league deal at a much younger age had he hailed from Pennsylvania or Ohio? But, would he have been the same type of player?
He hit most of his home runs at home; the most he hit on the road in one season was five. That might be one reason this early baseball slugger is not in the Hall of Fame. Shouldn’t he get some credit, though, for taking advantage of the short porch available to him at the Baker Bowl? And, the dimensions were the same for everyone. It was Cactus Gavvy, though, who lead the league in home runs all those years, not any of his teammates.
Gavvy did some coaching after his playing days. He spent much of his time amid the lovely weather of seaside Laguna Beach. There, he also was elected a judge. Gavvy Cravath died May 23, 1963, at the age of 82.
He once said this of his mighty swing. “Short singles are like left-hand jabs in the boxing ring, but a home run is a knock-out punch. It is the clean-up man of the club that does the heavy scoring work even if he is wide in the shoulders and slow on his feet.”
Spoken just like the Babe.
By Glen Sparks
Dick Allen sure made things hard on himself. That might be one reason he is not already in the Hall of Fame.
Well, maybe that is the wrong way to start this post.
Dick Allen supporters might say that people made things hard on Dick Allen. And, they’d be right about that.
Allen, clearly a sensitive guy, put up with bigotry and booing. He didn’t handle either very well, in the minors or in the majors.
On the field, Allen gave fans plenty to cheer about. He hit long home runs, won the Rookie of the Year award, put up an MVP season and was as good as anyone in baseball from 1964 to 1974.
He also sulked a lot, left his team in a snit, and punched at least one teammate in the face. Add to that, Allen battled managers and front offices. He showed up late to more than a few games, not exactly in playing shape.
What did all this add up to? Allen, one of the most feared hitters of his time, did not once even pick up 20 percent of the Hall of Fame vote.
Now, he is getting another chance. And isn’t that what Dick Allen is all about? Another chance?
The former slugger for the Phillies, White Sox and other teams is one of 10 nominees on the Golden Era ballot. If he can get 75 percent of the vote, he’s in. The Hall of Fame will announce the vote results Dec. 8.
Bob Nightengale of USA Today wrote about Allen in a column published Tuesday. Predictably, Allen did not apologize for some of the controversies that swirled around his 15-year baseball career.
He said, “I would not change a thing in my life.”
And, some people would not ask Allen to change anything. Goose Gossage, a Hall of Fame pitcher and a teammate with the White Sox, has called Allen the greatest and smartest baseball player he has ever seen.
Allen was born March 8, 1942, in Wampum, Pa., outside Pittsburgh. The Phillies signed him out of high school for $70,000. In 1963, Allen played AAA ball in Little Rock, just six years after the integration of Central High School. It was a mess.
Fans booed him unmercifully for any errors or other mistakes, according to a SABR bio article written by Rich D’Ambrosio. Some people around town fired racial insults at him, according to the article. Allen thought about quitting. (It is only fair to note that, despite the problems, Allen still led the league in home runs with 33, and the fans voted him the team MVP at season’s end.) The Phillies called Allen up late in 1963. He got seven hits in 24 at-bats.
Allen hit 29 home runs, batted .318 and put up an impressive 8.8 oWAR (Baseball Reference) in his Rookie of the Year campaign in 1964. He followed that with a 7.2 oWAR in 1965 and an 8.3 in ’66. Allen was hammering the ball in one of the greatest pitching eras in baseball history. He blasted 40 home runs and slugged .632 in 1966. In six full seasons in Philly, Allen never had an OPS+ lower than 145.
The Cardinals traded for Allen in 1970. He responded by hitting 34 home runs and driving in 101 runs (oWar 3.8, OPS+ 146). The following season, Allen hit 23 home runs for the Dodgers (oWar 6.8, OPS+ 151).
Allen’s MVP season came in 1972, after the Dodgers traded him to the White Sox for Tommy John. He batted .308 and hit 37 home runs with 113 RBI. Besides leading the league in those two categories, Allen set the pace in walks (99), on-base percentage (.420), slugging (.603), OPS (1.023) and OPS+ (199).
Allen’s last big year was 1974 in Chicago. He led the league in homers (32), slugging (.563) and OPS (.938). He played three more seasons and called it a career.
He was done at 35. So, some people say, Allen simply did not hang around long enough to merit a Hall of Fame selection. But, maybe it was all that other stuff. And, as I mentioned, there was a lot of that.
Some of the problems come across as a bit petty on both sides. The Phillies wanted to call Allen “Richie.” He wanted to be “Dick.” He said “Richie” was a kid’s name. This went on for years.
Allen also held out for more money in 1965. Management didn’t like a young player making salary demands after just one season, good as it was. That created another sore spot.
Around the batting cage once, Frank Thomas (not the Hall of Famer) made some inflammatory comments to Allen, who socked Thomas in the jaw. Thomas probably deserved it, but the fans blamed Allen. They put up “WE WANT THOMAS” banners at Connnie Mack Stadium after the Phils released Thomas. (Note: Thomas only played 74 games for the Phillies. He was hardly a mainstay.)
Allen began wearing helmets onto the field, something he continued to do for years, as protection from fans throwing batteries and other objects at him. He also scribbled things into the dirt with his cleats, stuff like “Boo.” (Didn’t this just make things worse?)
He missed flights, got benched for being in no condition to play and lost time due to suspensions. He welcomed a trade to the Cardinals, but only lasted one season in St. Louis. He welcomed a trade to the Dodgers but only lasted one season in Los Angeles.
Allen pounded the baseball for the White Sox, got rewarded with the biggest contract in the game and lasted three seasons. Dick Allen wore out his welcome fast.
Dick Allen and Willie Stargell
One of baseball’s most controversial players ever retired after the 1977 season. He finished with 351 home runs, 1,119 RBI, a .292 batting average, .378 on-base percentage, 534 slugging percentage and a 156 OPS+. Plus, a lot of headaches, got and given. He had an oWAR of 69.9 with highs of 8.8, 8.8 again, 8.3 and 7.2. He made seven All-Star teams.
Willie Stargell was a few years older than Allen, a lot happier and much more popular. Stargell was “Pops.” Everyone loved him. He played his entire 21-year career with the Pirates and famously led the 1979 “We Are Fam-i-ly team to a World Series title.
The voters put Stargell into the Hall of Fame right away (82.4 percent on the first ballot). But was Pops better than Allen?
Stargell finished with more home runs (475) and RBI (1,540). He had a lower batting average (.282), on-base percentage (.360), slugging percentage (.529) and OPS+ (147). His career oWAR was (63.8) with highs of 7.4, 6.9, 5.6 and 5.3. (I am only using oWAR. Neither Allen nor Stargell did much on defense. They were in the line-up to hit.) Like Allen, Stargel was selected to seven All-Star teams.
At his best, Allen was a better player than Stargell. With a whole lot more baggage. Is it time to forget about some of that stuff? How much will the committee take into account the problems that Allen faced? How much will it take into account the baseballs he pounded into the bleachers? We will find out Dec. 8 at about 2 p.m. eastern time.
By Glen Sparks
Robin Roberts’ peak years just missed the Cy Young Award era. If Baseball had started giving out the award in 1950, Roberts may have taken home a couple.
The Philadelphia Phillies’ right-hander pitched on seven All-Star teams and won at least 20 games six straight years. Roberts played on his last All-Star team in 1956, the inaugural season for the Cy Young Award. (Who won the first Cy Young Award? Remember that the award was given to just one pitcher until 1967.) Actually, that was kind of a dull year for the Phillies’ ace. He finished with a 19-18 record and a 4.45 ERA (83 ERA+).
From 1950 through 1955, Roberts was as good as anybody. He won 138 games, accumulated 46.4 WAR points and finished first in WAR for pitchers every year between 1950 and 1954. (Warren Spahn of the Boston/Milwaukee Braves was the runner-up every season except ‘54. That year, he was fourth.) He led the National League in wins four straight years (1952-55).
The case for Roberts as the premier pitcher throughout much of the ‘50s only gets better. He was first in games started six straight times (1950-55) innings pitched five straight times (1951-55), complete games five straight times (1952-56) and strikeouts two straight times (1953-54).